PCOS is the most common cause of infertility in females, 5% – 10% of women between the age of 15 and 44, (during the years you can have children), have PCOS. Most women find out that they have PCOS in their 20s and 30s when they have problems getting pregnant, but PCOS can happen to anyone at any age after puberty. The prevalence of infertility in women with PCOS varies between 70% and 80%. It also responsible for approximately 25-30% of infertility in females.
Most women will be able to conceive with a combination of fertility drugs and lifestyle change. While some women with PCOS will need IVF, a lot of people can get pregnant using lower-tech fertility drugs or treatments. Many women with PCOS struggle with Obesity and this is because PCOS affects how your body produces insulin which can lead to weight gain.
One of the main reasons why most women with PCOS do not get pregnant is because they do not ovulate regularly. Also, women with PCOS who are overweight are more likely to experience severe Anovulation – a situation where the ovaries do not release an oocyte during a menstrual cycle, which therefore causes Ovulation not to take place.
Diet Tips for Women with PCOS to Aid Fertility
- Include more protein and greens in your meals.
- Eat a bigger breakfast and a smaller dinner.
- When you eat carbohydrates, make them complex carbs like beans and whole grains.
- If you eat sweets or high carb food, combine them with healthy fats like Avocado, Olive oil, Nuts, or proteins to slow down the sugar spike.
- Avoid processed foods such as bagels, white rice, and low-fiber cereals which can cause insulin to spike.
- Eat regularly from time to time as not eating food is not the solution.
- Consume less of dairy products.
People with PCOS sometimes need medications to treat it and also to help them conceive.
Metformin is a diabetic drug that is used by women with PCOS. It helps by improving insulin sensitivity in the body, it also helps to promote weight loss, restart regular menstrual cycles, improve the effectiveness of some fertility drugs, and reduce the rate of miscarriage.
This is one of the most commonly used fertility drugs and also the most commonly used treatment for women with PCOS. Clomid helps a lot of women conceive but it is not always successful for some because they develop Clomid resistance and this is when Clomid does not trigger ovulation as expect
Doctors may consider the use of Letrozole if other fertility drugs do not work. Letrozole is a cancer medication drug but it can be used as a fertility drug. Studies have found out that it may be more effective than Clomid at stimulating ovulation in women with PCOS.
They are fertility medications given by injection that contain follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) alone or combined with luteinizing hormone (LH). it works directly on the ovaries to make multiple follicles (cyst containing eggs)
5. FERTILITY PROCEDURES (IVF- in vitro fertilization)
IVF involves using injectable fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries so that they produce good and mature eggs. The eggs are now removed from the ovaries (EGG RETRIEVAL). The eggs are now placed together with sperm and the sperm fertilizes some of the eggs. After the fertilized eggs have had about 5 days to divide and grow, one or two are transferred into the uterus (embryo transfer). After two weeks, your doctor will ask for a pregnancy test to see if the process was a success or not.
WILL YOU NEED AN EGG DONOR?
PCOS does not mean you automatically need an egg donor unless there are additional fertility issues like repeated failed IVF cycles or when you’re close to menopause.
THINGS YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT PCOS AND FERTILITY
- Do not underestimate diet and lifestyle
- Getting pregnant with PCOS requires a first understanding of how it is linked with fertility.
- Know when fertility treatments are needed for PCOS infertility.
- Understand what fertility treatments can not do for PCOS
- Be an informed fertility patient if you need treatment.
- Implement a PCOS fertility diet no matter which path you choose.
- Make exercise part of your weekly routine.
- Implement stress management techniques.
Once you’ve been diagnosed with PCOS and are trying to get pregnant, it is recommended that you speak to a doctor. This would assist you in finding the most effective treatment options, including fertility-boosting medications and high-tech modalities.
You can get started by today by talking to a licensed doctor online with Tremendoc.