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Hypersomnia: Causes, Symptoms and Health Risks of Sleeping Too Much

In a world where so many people constantly struggle to get enough sleep after the day’s hustle and bustle, the issue of sleeping too much might seem like a luxury problem, but regardless it can be a problem still.

Oversleeping or Hypersomnia is a kind of sleeping disorder, it poses a threat to the mental health of an individual, and can be a sign and also a cause of depression and other critical health conditions.

Sleeping too much is in fact linked to many of the same health risks as for insomnia (sleeping too little). Some of the similarities between hypersomnia and insomnia are the health complications they are linked with, such as; heart disease, depression, and anxiety, etc.

What are the core symptoms of hypersomnia?
  • Sleeping for extended hours at night (typically well beyond the 7-8-hour general norm)
  • Difficulty waking up in the morning (including sleeping through an alarm)
  • Trouble rising from bed and starting the day
  • Grogginess on and off or consistently throughout the day
  • Trouble concentrating

However, due to individual differences, it is important to identify what sleeping pattern works best for you. What you consider as hypersomnia might not be for the next individual. There is no single right amount of sleep that applies to everyone.

How can you tell exactly how much sleep is too much for you?

There are a few factors to consider when trying to decide if you might have Hypersomnia. Here are some of them:

  • Individual genetics: Your genes can influence the two primary, biological sleep systems, which are your circadian rhythms (a natural, internal process that regulates the sleep-wake cycle) and your internal sleep drive.
  • Age: Depending on your stage of life, you might require it may be normal for you to have slightly longer hours of sleep. For example, you may find you need 7 hours of sleep in your 20s, and 8 hours or 9 hours in your 50s or 60s.
  • Activity level: Sleep is a form of energy for the body and mind, and gives time for the body to recover from exertion. The more active you are, the more sleep you may need.
  • Health: When coping with health issues, you may very often need additional rest. This applies to short-term illnesses like colds and flu, as well as long-term or chronic conditions, from arthritis to cancer.
  • Life circumstances: Stressful periods and periods of change can temporarily increase your need for sleep. If stress is chronic, it can create a chronic sleep debt. It’s not just negative or unwelcome life events that can drive up a need for sleep, big life changes that are positive can demand more sleep too.
What are the health risks of sleeping too much?
  • Obesity: Sleeping too much or too little could make you weigh too much, as well. One recent study showed that people who slept for 9 or 10 hours every night were 21% more likely to become obese over a six-year period, than people who slept between 7 and 8 hours. The association between sleep and obesity remained the same even when food intake and exercise were taken into account.
  •   Headaches:  For some people prone to headaches, sleeping longer than usual on a weekend or vacation can cause head pain. Researchers believe this is due to the effect oversleeping has on certain neurotransmitters in the brain, including serotonin. People who sleep too much during the day and disrupt their nighttime sleep may also find themselves suffering from headaches in the morning.
  • Depression: Although insomnia is more commonly linked to depression than oversleeping is, roughly 15% of people with depression sleep too much. This may in turn make their depression worse. That’s because regular sleep habits are important to the recovery process

.

  • Heart disease : a recent nurses’ health study involving nearly 72,000 women, showed that women who slept 9 to 11 hours per night were 38% more likely to have coronary heart disease than women who slept eight hours. Although researchers have not yet identified a reason for the connection between oversleeping and heart disease.
What can you do to avoid oversleeping?

Here are some tips you can follow to ensure your body gets just the right amount of sleep, and not too much

  1. Set an alarm or two.
  2. Get to bed before midnight – the 90-minute sleep phase before midnight is very rejuvenating and will help to prevent morning fatigue, which causes people to stay in bed longer than normal.
  3. Eat breakfast within 30 minutes of rising – People who eat breakfast are more likely to wake with energy and habitually eating breakfast increases metabolism (and promotes better sleep at night).
  4. Drift off to sleep thinking of something that you’re looking forward to the next day. No matter how small the thing is, it’ll have you motivated to get up the next day.
  5. Withdraw consciously from technology to enable your sleep to hit deeper levels so you wake up more refreshed.
  6. Deal with emotional troubles which might be causing you to escape into sleep and pull the duvet over your head.
  7. Address the true sources of your fatigue – do you need to exercise more? Eat more healthily? Get a new job? Leave that toxic relationship?
  8. Live a meaningful and purposeful life – know what you care about and do it. People who have a purpose tend to wake up with energy.

If you seem to be doing everything right and still find yourself sleeping excessively, you should talk to a doctor online with the Tremendoc app. The doctor can assess your symptoms and let you know if your excessive sleep might be linked to any health conditions you may not be aware of.

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GETTING PREGNANT WITH PCOS

getting pregnant with PCOS

   PCOS is the most common cause of infertility in females, 5% – 10% of women between the age of 15 and 44, (during the years you can have children), have PCOS. Most women find out that they have PCOS in their 20s and 30s when they have problems getting pregnant, but PCOS can happen to anyone at any age after puberty. The prevalence of infertility in women with PCOS varies between 70% and 80%. It also responsible for approximately 25-30% of infertility in females.

    Most women will be able to conceive with a combination of fertility drugs and lifestyle change. While some women with PCOS will need IVF, a lot of people can get pregnant using lower-tech fertility drugs or treatments. Many women with PCOS struggle with Obesity and this is because PCOS affects how your body produces insulin which can lead to weight gain.

One of the main reasons why most women with PCOS do not get pregnant is because they do not ovulate regularly. Also, women with PCOS who are overweight are more likely to experience severe Anovulation – a situation where the ovaries do not release an oocyte during a menstrual cycle, which therefore causes Ovulation not to take place.

Diet Tips for Women with PCOS to Aid Fertility

  1. Include more protein and greens in your meals.
  2. Eat a bigger breakfast and a smaller dinner.
  3. When you eat carbohydrates, make them complex carbs like beans and whole grains.
  4. If you eat sweets or high carb food, combine them with healthy fats like Avocado, Olive oil, Nuts, or proteins to slow down the sugar spike.
  5. Avoid processed foods such as bagels, white rice, and low-fiber cereals which can cause insulin to spike.
  6. Eat regularly from time to time as not eating food is not the solution.
  7. Consume less of dairy products.

MEDICATIONS

People with PCOS sometimes need medications to treat it and also to help them conceive.

1. METFORMIN.

Metformin is a diabetic drug that is used by women with PCOS. It helps by improving insulin sensitivity in the body, it also helps to promote weight loss, restart regular menstrual cycles, improve the effectiveness of some fertility drugs, and reduce the rate of miscarriage.

2.           CLOMID

This is one of the most commonly used fertility drugs and also the most commonly used treatment for women with PCOS. Clomid helps a lot of women conceive but it is not always successful for some because they develop Clomid resistance and this is when Clomid does not trigger ovulation as expect

3.         LETROZOLE

Doctors may consider the use of Letrozole if other fertility drugs do not work. Letrozole is a cancer medication drug but it can be used as a fertility drug. Studies have found out that it may be more effective than Clomid at stimulating ovulation in women with PCOS.

4.       GONADOTROPINS

They are fertility medications given by injection that contain follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) alone or combined with luteinizing hormone (LH). it works directly on the ovaries to make multiple follicles (cyst containing eggs)

5.  FERTILITY PROCEDURES (IVF- in vitro fertilization)

IVF involves using injectable fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries so that they produce good and mature eggs. The eggs are now removed from the ovaries (EGG RETRIEVAL). The eggs are now placed together with sperm and the sperm fertilizes some of the eggs. After the fertilized eggs have had about 5 days to divide and grow, one or two are transferred into the uterus (embryo transfer). After two weeks, your doctor will ask for a pregnancy test to see if the process was a success or not.

WILL YOU NEED AN EGG DONOR?

PCOS does not mean you automatically need an egg donor unless there are additional fertility issues like repeated failed IVF cycles or when you’re close to menopause.

THINGS YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT PCOS AND FERTILITY

  1. Do not underestimate diet and lifestyle
  2. Getting pregnant with PCOS requires a first understanding of how it is linked with fertility.
  3. Know when fertility treatments are needed for PCOS infertility.
  4. Understand what fertility treatments can not do for PCOS
  5. Be an informed fertility patient if you need treatment.
  6. Implement a PCOS fertility diet no matter which path you choose.
  7. Make exercise part of your weekly routine.
  8. Implement stress management techniques.

Once you’ve been diagnosed with PCOS and are trying to get pregnant, it is recommended that you speak to a doctor. This would assist you in finding the most effective treatment options, including fertility-boosting medications and high-tech modalities.

You can get started by today by talking to a licensed doctor online with Tremendoc.

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Tremendoc Completes 35,000 Telemedicine consultations in first half of 2020

The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the nature of events that followed, triggered a global increase in demand for Telemedicine consultations. As more people are confined to their homes, it has become increasingly necessary to find innovative ways to access basic needs without having to move from place to place.

Global health guidelines have also advised patients to connect with their healthcare providers virtually before having an in-person visit, in order to limit exposure of patients and medical staff to the coronavirus. These factors have prompted a corresponding increase in telemedicine consultations worldwide.

In Nigeria, Telemedicine adoption has also seen a similar increase. One stand out example of this is Tremendoc Limited, Nigeria’s leading telemedicine platform. Tremendoc completed a milestone 35,000 telemedicine consultations as at June 2020 on its mobile app; an unprecedented feat in an industry still very much in its early stages globally.

“Today, on behalf of Tremendoc Limited, I celebrate the fulfillment of a major milestone”, Jay Chikezie, Founder/CEO of Tremendoc wrote in a Linkedin article.

“As we celebrate this major milestone, we are thankful for the thousands of customers who entrust us with their most valuable possession— their lives. We recognize the immense responsibility that comes with that trust, and it is amazing to witness the frontline role Tremendoc is playing in the advancement of telemedicine in Nigeria.” – Jay expressed further.

The Tremendoc app connects patients to a pool of 200+ licensed doctors, using video call, audio conference, and chat features.

The adoption of Telemedicine consultation could very well contribute to providing improved access to quality healthcare, and Tremendoc is leading this innovative charge in Nigeria.

The company’s focus is geared towards ensuring that every Nigerian has timely access to quality healthcare, when and wherever they need it. Following successful partnerships with industry giants such as Sterling Bank, Axa Mansard and UBA, Tremendoc is quickly revolutionizing healthcare delivery across Nigeria.

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6 common misconceptions about Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

This might be probably the first time you’ve seen the abbreviation PCOS, and you just might be wondering what it means. Well, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that causes an enlargement in the ovaries, with small cysts on the outer edges. It is common among women in their reproductive ages, and affects about 1 in 10 women worldwide, but is more prevalent in African and Black American women.

The cause of polycystic ovarian syndrome isn’t well understood but may involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Symptoms include menstrual irregularity, excess hair growth, acne, and obesity. This particular medical condition as others has its myths – these tales are not necessarily true but are widely regarded by some people as fact.

Some of these misconceptions include:

The only treatment for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is birth control pills 

birth control pills for PCOS

Women that have been diagnosed with this condition most times are afraid of not being able to conceive. Although it is the number one cause of infertility, this is not to say that it is a straight-up sentence to infertility. PCOS affects ovulation and leads to irregular menstruation, which makes it harder for women to get pregnant. But does not completely rule it out.

You can’t get pregnant with PCOS 

Hormonal birth control is a common way doctors treat the menstrual irregularities that come with the condition. But a person’s treatment will largely depend on her situation. If you want to get pregnant, you certainly won’t go on a birth control pill. Also, it is not the only way to treat PCOS, and it is not advised for all women. Women should learn to address their hormonal health more holistically with lifestyle measures, like reducing stress and eating an anti-inflammatory diet.

PCOS is a sign of Obesity

Not all obese or overweight women have PCOS, obesity can be caused by an unhealthy lifestyle and many other health conditions. Obesity, like PCOS, can also be hereditary. However, it won’t be a bad idea to get tested for PCOS if you feel overweight. 

Every woman with excess hair has PCOS 

While having excess hair is one of the common symptoms of the condition, it is not a certain indicator that a woman has PCOS. One of the reasons women may have excess hair is Cushing syndrome – which occurs when a woman is exposed to high levels of the hormone, cortisol (your body’s main stress hormone). Cushing syndrome can be triggered by your adrenal glands making too much cortisol, or from taking medications such as prednisone over a long period.

Women with irregular menstrual circle have PCOS 

Not all women with irregular menstrual circle have PCOS. There are a variety of other medical conditions that could contribute to irregular menstruation. An irregular menstrual cycle is a symptom of PCOS, but should not be a tag for PCOS. You should take necessary precautions by consulting your doctor or getting a test to confirm if you have it. Do not base your facts on assumptions.

You don’t have to worry about it if you’re not looking to get pregnant 

PCOS does not just affect a woman’s fertility; it can also impact her long-term wellness. It has been linked to type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, poor cholesterol levels, sleep apnea, depression and anxiety, and endometrial cancer. So, even if you are not looking to get pregnant, it is definitely not a condition you should overlook.

PCOS can be self-diagnosed based on symptoms

PCOS has similar symptoms with other health conditions. It is also easy to mistake it for diabetes or other hormonal imbalance issues. Hence, you cannot be sure if you have it unless you get tested. 

It also is not a cause for panic. When it is discovered on time and treated in combination with healthy lifestyle choices, you have little to worry about.

However, it is not well known, hence, it is easy for people who lack adequate knowledge to spread false information about it. If you notice any symptoms of PCOS, it’s best you speak with a licensed doctor first to get a professional medical opinion on what next steps to take.

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Telemedicine in Nigeria: 5 Reasons you should talk to a doctor online

So you finally have the weekend to rest after a long and stressful week. You’ve planned to put your feet up, watch some tv, flip through a book or magazine and just recharge, but nature has other plans. You wake up feeling symptoms in your body that are worrying. You try not to panic, and just get on with your day hoping to shake it off, but the symptoms persist.

The realization that you might be sick starts to set in, and you’re dreading having to go all the way to the hospital by yourself.

Well, here’s where telemedicine comes in.

What is Telemedicine?

Telemedicine (also called telehealth) is any two-way communication between a doctor and a patient using video, audio, or chat technology. Telemedicine services leverage various means to connect patients and doctors, ranging from web to mobile applications.

The Need For Telemedicine In Nigeria

The latest data from the World Health Organization (WHO) reveals that Nigeria’s physician-to-patient ratio is 4 doctors per 10,000 patients and patients often wait hours to be seen. In the US the ratio is 26 doctors per 10,000 people, and 28 in the UK. Its no secret why many hospital waiting rooms are quite populated and patients have to wait hours to be attended to. There simply aren’t sufficient hands to attend to patients.

Since the Coronavirus pandemic hit Nigeria in March, hospitals have been limiting in-patient visits, in order to protect their doctors from exposure to the virus, following the temporary closure of a few hospitals after doctors there tested positive to Covid-19. While this measure might be justifiable from a prevention standpoint, it however leaves many people without access to healthcare services they need.

The need for telemedicine in Nigeria has never been more clear. Telemedicine platforms like Tremendoc make it possible for patients to have online medical consultations with licensed doctors, in Nigeria, and across the world. They can also provide much needed technical support to hospitals, and enable them to provide care to patients in the comfort of their homes, thereby limiting exposure of doctors and other medical staff.

Aren’t convinced about telemedicine yet? Here are 5 reasons you should talk to a doctor online:

1. Remote Monitoring (Home health Telemedicine):

Telemedicine makes it possible for doctors to monitor their patients from the comfort of their homes. It can be used to help reassure patients and keep them safe at home while ensuring that only people who absolutely need to visit the hospital, do so.

2. Lower Healthcare Costs

Telemedicine helps patients spend considerably less money than they would on traditional, in-person visits to the hospital. It also helps healthcare providers reduce expenses of caring for patients.

3. Telemedicine is Faster, More Convenient, and Comfortable

Using Telemedicine, you can talk to a doctor online soon after you notice unusual symptoms in the body, sometimes even within seconds. In addition to speed, Telemedicine also allows you to connect with doctors from your comfort zone, which eliminates the pressure you might feel enclosed within the doctor’s office.

4. Reduced Risk

Since you do not have to be in a hospital waiting room, or in the physical presence of a doctor, you are not exposed to infectious diseases through touching of surfaces or items like furniture, books, or even play areas for children. Telemedicine also eliminates the risk of physical contact with sick patients or health care workers.

5. Reduced Travel Time

Virtual care significantly reduces travel time for individuals in areas where they do not have certain specialists close by. It helps individuals who do not have convenient transportation or have mobility problems access healthcare professionals who they otherwise would not have been able to reach.

Do you agree that telemedicine will help Nigeria in increasing access to quality healthcare? Share your thoughts by leaving a comment.

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6 Tips to Stay Healthy While you Work From Home

With the sudden shift to remote work, home office is the new normal for many workers across Nigeria. However, making the adjustment to working at home can be more challenging than many believe.

Here are some tips to help you make the make a healthy adjustment:

1. “Deskercise”

This is a great way to take a break between ultra-focused work sessions.

There are no co-workers to get up and speak to, much less a break room to stand around. And sitting down for hours on end is bad for your circulation, digestion, and back. So, stand up! Run in place, or get down for some crunches or push-ups. Working your abs can help prevent back pain.

2. Regularly Sanitize Frequently Touched Surfaces and Gadgets

While you work from home, it’s important to ensure you take preventive measures against COVID-19. This includes sanitizing your workspace, computer, and mobile phone. As the virus could easily rest on these surfaces and gadgets.

3. Stay Positive

Without a boss over your shoulder or co-workers sitting nearby, it’s easy to feel like you’re in your own little world. To counter the feeling of working alone, its important that you stay in regular contact with your team members and share any work challenges you face, with the appropriate colleague. It’s also great to keep a positive mindset by acknowledging your achievements (no matter how little).

4. Take Care Of Your Eyes

When you spend all day in front of screens, your eyes (and more) can suffer for it: dryness, headaches, even a stiff neck or shoulders. Take your eyes off your screen every 20 minutes and stare at a focal point at least 20 feet away for 20 seconds.

5.    Plan For Breaks.

It seems counter-intuitive, but when you take a short break from working, research shows you’ll be more productive when you’re back on the clock. Taking a lunch break is perfectly okay. You could use this time to clear your head, get something to eat, or even take a short walk.

6. Ensure You Have an Active Telemedicine Plan

The restriction of movement has greatly emphasized the need for telemedicine. Working from home could potentially trigger a few health conditions, ranging from body pains to constant headaches. Having an active telemedicine plan on a platform like Tremendoc means that you have a licensed doctor available on your phone anytime. And this could potentially save you from interrupting your workflow and making a long trip to the hospital. Download now, to get started